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Expats create interactive graph of migration

Two expatriates have created an interacted graph, which shows the migration trends across the globe during five year intervals between 1990 and 2010.

Guy Abel and Nikola Sander produced the tool as part of their research at the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Human Capital in Vienna.

Instead of just listing figures for people living outside of their home country, it presents the patterns and intensity of migration flows in a visual manner.

The software used to create the graph is more commonly found when depicting genetics, but allowed the pair to produce an easily navigable and colour coded guide to migration trends.

A total of 196 nations have been included and these have been broken down into continents and regions, with both the origins and destinations of migrants mapped onto it.

Information collected by the United Nations was used as the basis for the project. Trends that can be observed include the fact that those from African countries tend to move within the continent.

Conversely, those from Europe move to a number of diverse locations across the globe. The biggest migrations are from south to west Asia; from Latin to North America; and within Africa.

Ms Sander and Mr Abel told the Telegraph: "It appears that most of the largest flows originated in Asia and went to the oil-rich Gulf countries and the United States.

"Exceptions to this trend are the flow from Mexico to the United States and flows within Africa (Côte d’Ivoire to Burkina Faso and Zimbabwe to South Africa)."

The only two countries that are both large receivers and senders of migrants are Malaysia and India, which shows how the level of education in a nation reflects the redistribution of the population.

It has previously been thought that there has been a continuous increase in migration flows over the past 20 years, but this project has shown that there was in fact a decline between 1990 and the year 2000.

To see the graph, click here.

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